Working with Application

IWebApplication interface

In Fano Framework, application must implements IWebApplication interface. Currently, it does not provide any method except inherit run() method from IRunnable interface which is its parent.

View IWebApplication source code.

Built-in Implementation

Fano Framework provides built-in implementations of IWebApplication,

  • TCgiWebApplication, CGI web application that implement CGI protocol. It is basically just shell application which run and then terminate after completing its job.
  • TDaemonWebApplication, is web application that run forever and listen for request until it is terminated manually. This is used mostly for FastCGI, SCGI and uwsgi web application.

IAppServiceProvider interface

TCgiWebApplication depends on instance of IAppServiceProvider interface while TDaemonWebApplication depends on IDaemonAppServiceProvider. They provide essential services for application. Following code is declaration of this interface.

type

    IAppServiceProvider = interface(IServiceProvider)
        ['{41032A70-F31D-45A6-AE26-574888BE4D07}']
        function getContainer() : IDependencyContainer;
        property container : IDependencyContainer read getContainer;

        function getErrorHandler() : IErrorHandler;
        property errorHandler : IErrorHandler read getErrorHandler;

        function getDispatcher() : IDispatcher;
        property dispatcher : IDispatcher read getDispatcher;

        function getEnvironment() : ICGIEnvironment;
        property env : ICGIEnvironment read getEnvironment;

        function getRouter() : IRouter;
        property router : IRouter read getRouter;

        function getStdIn() : IStdIn;
        property stdIn : IStdIn read getStdIn;
    end;

    IDaemonAppServiceProvider = interface(IAppServiceProvider)
        ['{4FF6129E-171F-429C-BE5B-7A8B941D3626}']

        function getServer() : IRunnableWithDataNotif;
        property server : IRunnableWithDataNotif read getServer;

        function getProtocol() : IProtocolProcessor;
        property protocol : IProtocolProcessor read getProtocol;

        function getOutputBuffer() : IOutputBuffer;
        property outputBuffer : IOutputBuffer read getOutputBuffer;

        function getStdOut() : IStdOut;
        property stdOut : IStdOut read getStdOut;

    end;

Fano Framework provides several built-in implementation of this interface that you can use or extend.

  • TBasicAppServiceProvider, abstract class that implements IAppServiceProvider interface. Most of methods already has implementation, except its register() method which you must implement to register your application specific dependencies. For CGI web application, this class is what you need to use.

  • TDaemonAppServiceProvider, abstract class inherits from TBasicAppServiceProvider class that implements IDaemonAppServiceProvider interface. Most of methods already has implementation, except its register() method which you must implement to register your application specific dependencies. For daemon web application, this class is what you need to use.

  • TServerAppServiceProvider, class which provides worker server for daemon web application.

  • TFastCgiAppServiceProvider, class which provides essentials service for FastCGI web application.

  • TScgiAppServiceProvider, class which provides essentials service for SCGI web application.

  • TUwsgiAppServiceProvider, class which provides essentials service for uwsgi web application.

  • TMhdAppServiceProvider, class which provides essentials service for libmicrohttpd web application.

IRouteBuilder interface

When creating application instance, you need also to implement IRouteBuilder interface which responsible to setup application routes. Please read Route Builder section documentation for more information.

CGI Application

TCgiWebApplication is built-in class that implements CGI protocol. Its task is basically to read CGI environment variables that web server send and call appropriate request handler.

Its constructor method expects two parameter, instance of IAppServiceProvider and IRouteBuilder interface. The first parameter must provide essentials services that is required by application and also register any application dependencies.

For CGI application, Fano Framework provides abstract class TBasicAppServiceProvider which you need to extend to register you application dependencies. You must implements its register() method.

The last parameter is instance of class responsible to build application routes. Fano Framework provides base abstract class TRouteBuilder which you need to extend. You must implements its buildRoutes(). Please note that, you do not required to inherit from TRouteBuilder class. You can use any class as long as it implements IRouteBuilder interface.

appInstance := TCgiWebApplication.create(
    TAppServiceProvider.create(),
    TAppRoutes.create()
);

Where TAppServiceProvider is declared as follow,

    TAppServiceProvider = class(TBasicAppServiceProvider)
    public
        procedure register(const container : IDependencyContainer); override;
    end;
...
    procedure TAppServiceProvider.register(const container : IDependencyContainer);
    begin
        //register all application required service here
    end;
    TAppRoutes = class(TRouteBuilder)
    public
        procedure buildRoutes(
            const container : IDependencyContainer;
            const router : IRouter
        ); override;
    end;
...
    procedure TAppRoutes.buildRoutes(
        const container : IDependencyContainer;
        const router : IRouter
    );
    begin
        //register all routes here
    end;

View TCgiWebApplication source code.

Daemon web application

Web application that runs forever in background must setup service provider that inherit from TDaemonAppServiceProvider such as web application that utilize FastCGI, SCGI or uwsgi protocol because application depends on IDaemonAppServiceProvider interface.

    TAppServiceProvider = class(TDaemonAppServiceProvider)
    public
        procedure register(const container : IDependencyContainer); override;
    end;

FastCGI Application

To create web application that support FastCGI protocol, create application service provider which use TFastCgiAppServiceProvider as shown in following code,

    appInstance := TDaemonWebApplication.create(
        TFastCgiAppServiceProvider.create(
            TServerAppServiceProvider.create(
                TAppServiceProvider.create(),
                (TInetSvrFactory.create(host, port) as ISocketSvrFactory).build()
            )
        ),
        TAppRoutes.create()
    );

See fano-fastcgi example demo application.

You can replace TInetSvrFactory with TUnixSvrFactory class if you want to use Unix Domain Socket file instead of TCP port. See fano-fcgi-unix example demo application.

You can replace TInetSvrFactory with TBoundSvrFactory if you want to create FastCGI application which run and managed by web server, for example Apache with mod_fcgid module. See fano-fcgid example demo application.

TInetSvrFactory, TUnixSvrFactory and TBoundSvrFactory are using select() to monitor if socket is ready for I/O operation. To use epoll, replace with TEpollInetSvrFactory, TEpollUnixSvrFactory and TEpollBoundSvrFactory.

See Deploy as FastCGI application for information how to deploy FastCGI application on various web servers.

You may want to read Scaffolding FastCGI project directory structure for information how to scaffolding FastCGI web application with Fano CLI.

SCGI Application

To create web application that support SCGI (Simple Common Gateway Interface) protocol, create application service provider which use TScgiAppServiceProvider as shown in following code,

    appInstance := TDaemonWebApplication.create(
        TScgiAppServiceProvider.create(
            TServerAppServiceProvider.create(
                TAppServiceProvider.create(),
                (TInetSvrFactory.create(host, port) as ISocketSvrFactory).build()
            )
        ),
        TAppRoutes.create()
    );

See fano-scgi example demo application.

See Deploy as SCGI application for information how to deploy SCGI application on various web servers.

You may want to read Scaffolding SCGI project directory structure for information how to scaffolding SCGI web application easily.

Uwsgi Application

To create web application that support uwsgi protocol, create application service provider which use TUwsgiAppServiceProvider as shown in following code,

    appInstance := TDaemonWebApplication.create(
        TUwsgiAppServiceProvider.create(
            TServerAppServiceProvider.create(
                TAppServiceProvider.create(),
                (TInetSvrFactory.create(host, port) as ISocketSvrFactory).build()
            )
        ),
        TAppRoutes.create()
    );

See fano-uwsgi example demo application.

See Deploy as uwsgi application for information how to deploy uwsgi application on various web servers.

You may want to read Scaffolding uwsgi project directory structure for information how to scaffolding uwsgi web application easily.

Http Application

To create web application that support http protocol using libmicrohttpd, create application service provider which use TMhdAppServiceProvider also fill web server configuration as shown in following code,

var
    svrConfig : TMhdSvrConfig;
...
    svrConfig.host := 'example.fano';
    svrConfig.port := 8080;
    svrConfig.documentRoot := getCurrentDir() + '/public';
    svrConfig.serverName := 'example.fano';
    svrConfig.serverAdmin := 'admin@example.fano';
    svrConfig.serverSoftware := 'Fano Framework Web App';
    svrConfig.timeout := 120; //connection timeout in sec

    appInstance := TDaemonWebApplication.create(
        TMhdAppServiceProvider.create(
            TAppServiceProvider.create(),
            svrConfig
        ),
        TAppRoutes.create()
    );

See fano-http example demo application.

See Deploy as standalone web server for information how to deploy http application as stand alone web server or through various reverse proxy web servers.

You may want to read Scaffolding libmicrohttpd project directory structure for information how to scaffolding libmicrohttpd web application easily.

Apache modules Application

Implementation of IWebApplication that run as Apache modules is not yet implemented.

Application implementation which support Rack-like protocol

Implementation of IWebApplication that implements Rack-like protocol, currently, is still under development.

How to choose IWebApplication implementation?

CGI Application

Pros

  • Easy to setup especially on shared-hosting where you do not posses server administrive privilege.

Cons

  • Not very performant compared to FastCGI or SCGI application due to how CGI protocol works.

FastCGI Application

Pros

  • Performance is good compared to CGI application.

Cons

  • Requires server administrative privilege to setup. You can not deploy application on shared-hosting easily.

SCGI Application

Pros

  • Performance is good compared to CGI application and maybe slightly better than FastCGI due to simpler protocol specification.

Cons

  • Requires server administrative privilege to setup. You can not deploy application on shared-hosting easily.

uwsgi Application

Pros

  • Performance is comparable to SCGI protocol but less network bandwidth requirement due to use of binary protocol.

Cons

  • Requires server administrative privilege to setup. You can not deploy application on shared-hosting easily.

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