Working with Controllers

IRequestHandler and IRouteHandler interface

When web application receives request from web server, it will be given request uri of resource that user is requesting. Dispatcher parses request uri to find matching route handler that will handle this request. If no handler available to handle it, HTTP 404 will be returned.

Interface IRequestHandler, declared in unit fano.pas, is basis of route handler implementation in Fano Framework. It consists of handleRequest() method that implementor class must provide.

Interface IRouteHandler, is extension to IRequestHandler interface and provide more functionality such get route argument data or set middleware for route.

IRouteHandler is basis of all route handler. When you set route, you must pass instance of class that implements IRouteHandler.

Fano Framework provides TRouteHandler as base abstract class that implements IRouteHandler and also base controller in TController class which derived from TRouteHandler class.

TRouteHandler is abstract class. You need to derive and implements its handleRequest() method to be able to use it. This class is useful, for example, in following situation:

  • you do not need to use view
  • you prefer to compose response by yourself, for example, to output JPEG image response.

TController is concrete class and extends TRouteHandler capability by adding view and view parameters to allow, for example, to use template.

But of course, you are free to implements your own.

Using TController class

TController class is built-in class that provides ability for route handler to works with view and middlewares.

Except for simple route handler which display static view, you are very likely need to extends this class as TController by defaut, does few things, which is returning response from IView instance.

Creating TController class

TController constructor expects 4 parameters

constructor TController.create(
    const beforeMiddlewares : IMiddlewareCollection;
    const afterMiddlewares : IMiddlewareCollection;
    const viewInst : IView;
    const viewParamsInst : IViewParameters
  • beforeMiddlewares, instance of collection of middlewares that will be called before this controller get executed.
  • afterMiddlewares, instance of collection of middlewares that will be called after this controller get executed.
  • viewInst, view to be used, i.e., instance of class that implements IView interface.
  • ViewParamsInst, view parameters, i.e., instance of class that implements IViewParameters interface.

viewInst and viewParamsInst that you pass during class construction, will be available from inherited class as gView and viewParams respectively.

For more information regarding view and view parameters, read Working with Views.

Implements controller logic

handleRequest() is method that will be invoked by dispatcher to handle request, so you mostly do not call it directly. This method is part of IRequestHandler interface. Dispatcher will pass request and response instance to this method.

function handleRequest(
    const request : IRequest;
    const response : IResponse
) : IResponse;
  • request is current request instance
  • response, current response instance

handleRequest() should return instance of response that will be used as response to request. You can return response given by dispatcher or create entirely new response instance.

TController class provides basic implementation of this method, which is, to return view output. Fano Framework provides some built-in response class that you can use such HTML response, JSON response or binary response (for example to output image). Of course, you are free to implements your own output response.