Deployment as stand-alone Web Server

If you create http web application such libmicrohttpd-based project using Fano CLI with --project-mhd command, you can simply access application directly from Internet browser using host and port where application listen, for example http://localhost:8080.

Other alternative is to run application behind reverse proxy web server such as Apache or Nginx.

Deploy with Fano CLI

Simplest way to setup Fano web application with reverse proxy web server is to deploy http application using Fano CLI, run with --deploy-http=[domain name].

Inside Fano web application project directory, run

$ sudo fanocli

Command above, will create virtual host for Apache web server, enabled virtual host configuration, reload Apache web server configuration and add entry to domain in /etc/hosts.

To setup for nginx web server add --web-server=nginx. Without it, it is assumed Apache web server.

$ sudo fanocli --web-server=nginx

If you want to setup manually without Fano CLI, read section below.

Apache with mod_proxy_http module

To deploy as http application with mod_proxy_http, you need to have mod_proxy_http installed and loaded. This module is not installed by default.


To install module on Debian,

$ sudo apt install libapache2_mod_proxy_http

To enable module,

$ sudo a2enmod proxy_http
$ sudo systemctl restart apache2

Create virtual host config and add ProxyPassMatch, for example

<VirtualHost *:80>
     DocumentRoot /home/example/public

     <Directory "/home/example/public">
         Options +ExecCGI
         AllowOverride FileInfo
         Require all granted

    ProxyRequests Off
    ProxyPassMatch /(css|images|js).* !
    ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*)$

You may need to replace with host and port where your application is running.

Two ProxyPassMatch lines tell Apache to serve requests for files inside css, images, js directories directly. For other, pass requests to our application.

On Debian, save it to /etc/apache2/sites-available for example as fano-http.conf

Enable this site and reload Apache

$ sudo a2ensite fano-http.conf
$ sudo systemctl reload apache2


The difference between Debian and Fedora regarding Apache mostly about default service name (Debian uses apache2 and Fedora uses httpd), user which Apache run (Debian uses www-data user while Fedora uses apache) and default Apache configuration location.

  • Create virtual host

Apache main configuration is stored in /etc/httpd/httpd.conf. To add virtual host configuration, you can simply add entry to this file or prefered way is to create configuration in file /etc/httpd/conf.d/ directory.

In Fedora and Apache 2.4, /etc/httpd/conf.d/ directory will be search for additional configurations. So you can just create virtual host file inside this directory.

  • Reload Apache service

Tell Apache to load configuration by running

$ sudo systemctl reload httpd


Create virtual host configuration file in /etc/nginx/conf.d directory, for example

server {
    listen 80;
    root /home/example.fano/public;
    server_name example.fano;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/example.fano-error.log;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/example.fano-access.log;

    location / {
        try_files $uri @example.fano;

    location @example.fano {

Change proxy_pass to match host and port where application is listening.

Last two location configurations tells Nginx to serve files directly if exists, otherwise pass it to our application.

Issue with firewall

In Fedora-based distribution, firewall is active by default. Read Issue with firewall for more information.

Permission issue with SELinux

Running http application through reverse proxy may be subject to strict security policy of SELinux. Read Permission issue with SELinux for more information.

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