Deployment as SCGI application

Fano Framework can be deployed as SCGI (Simple Common Gateway Interface) web application. SCGI is similar to FastCGI protocol but simpler to parse.

See Working with Application for information how to create SCGI web application.

See Fano SCGI for example application. You may want to look Scaffolding with Fano CLI to easily create new SCGI web application project.

Deploy with Fano CLI

Simplest way to setup Fano web application with web server is to deploy SCGI application with Fano CLI, run with --deploy-scgi=[domain name].

Inside Fano web application project directory, run

$ sudo fanocli

Command above, will create virtual host for Apache web server, enabled virtual host configuration, reload Apache web server configuration and add entry to domain in /etc/hosts.

To setup for nginx web server add --web-server=nginx. Without it, it is assumed Apache web server.

$ sudo fanocli --web-server=nginx

Apache with mod_proxy_scgi module

To deploy as SCGI application with mod_proxy_scgi

You need to have mod_proxy_scgi installed and loaded. This module is Apache’s built-in module, so it is very likely that you will have it with your Apache installation. You just need to make sure it is loaded.


For example, on Debian,

$ sudo a2enmod proxy_scgi
$ sudo systemctl restart apache2

Create virtual host config and add ProxyPassMatch, for example

<VirtualHost *:80>
     DocumentRoot /home/example/public

     <Directory "/home/example/public">
         Options +ExecCGI
         AllowOverride FileInfo
         Require all granted

    ProxyRequests Off
    ProxyPassMatch /(css|images|js).* !
    ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*)$ scgi://

You may need to replace scgi:// with host and port where your application is running.

Two ProxyPassMatch lines tell Apache to serve requests for files inside css, images, js directories directly. For other, pass requests to our application.

On Debian, save it to /etc/apache2/sites-available for example as fano-scgi.conf

Enable this site and restart Apache

$ sudo a2ensite fano-scgi.conf
$ sudo systemctl restart apache2


The difference between Debian and Fedora regarding Apache mostly about default service name (Debian uses apache2 and Fedora uses httpd), user which Apache run (Debian uses www-data user while Fedora uses apache) and default Apache configuration location.

  • Create virtual host

Apache main configuration is stored in /etc/httpd/httpd.conf. To add virtual host configuration, you can simply add entry to this file or prefered way is to create configuration in file /etc/httpd/conf.d/ directory.

In Fedora and Apache 2.4, /etc/httpd/conf.d/ directory will be search for additional configurations. So you can just create virtual host file inside this directory.

  • Reload Apache service

Tell Apache to load configuration by running

$ sudo systemctl reload httpd



Create virtual host configuration in /etc/nginx/sites-available, for example

server {
    listen 80;
    root /home/example/public;
    index index.html;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;

    location ~ \.*$ {
        include scgi_params;


    location ~ /\.ht {
        deny all;

Change scgi_pass to match host and port where application is listening.

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